The theory of reflexivity was first mooted by philosopher Karl Popper and then adapted by his famous chela George Soros. Reflexivity suggests that trends (social, cultural, religious or economic) are often amplified by feedback loops that make them stronger and more prolonged.
In particular, financial trends start from rational causes but are often prolonged to a point where prices swing far into the irrational. In the context of a market, a feedback loop can be understood simply as the price-amplification that occurs whenever profits are reinvested. A trader profits, reinvests those profits and makes more profits. Others bring in new funding in hope of emulation.
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